"Integrated Community Planning: A Framework for Sustainability"

APWA Reporter, May 2011
By James Moore

The goal of creating sustainable communities depends on understanding their nature as "systems of systems" where the optimization of the whole outweighs optimization of any individual part. This requires an integrated approach to community planning that encompasses water, energy, land use, buildings, mobility, infrastructure, economics, education and more. This article presents a framework for effectively addressing the unique complexity of communities while seeking to achieve the goal of greater sustainability.