"Integrated Planning – The Time is Now"

By Dave Clark, Jennifer Duffy, Jeff Eger, Shirley Marroquin, and Amanda McInnis

Integrated Planning is an idea whose time has come; whose time is now. In 1972, the Clean Water Act (CWA) was instituted to improve the nation's water quality, making it unlawful to discharge any pollutant from a point source into navigable waters, unless a permit was obtained.

Since that time, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has implemented numerous pollution control programs, setting wastewater discharge standards and water quality standards for all contaminants in surface waters.

Over the past four decades, the list of unfunded CWA mandates has grown, requiring local governmental agencies to take on additional wastewater and stormwater responsibilities, while struggling to allocate diminishing resources to comply with these regulatory standards.