Sustainable Ports in a Changing World
On 26 June 2016, the container vessel named Cosco Shipping Panama made the first official passage through the newly expanded Panama Canal. The much-anticipated completion of the Panama Canal Authority’s $5.25 billion project to modernise and expand this 102-year-old landmark heralds a new era within the maritime industry. This project doubled the capacity of the Canal, and enables an increase in both the number and size of ships that can pass through it. This could result in the transport of an extra 4.4 million to 8 million containers per year.
Building bigger boats is the easy part. Expanding the transportation network is significantly more difficult. It can take many years for ports to secure the necessary funding, land acquisition, and regulatory approvals to expand and upgrade the waterways, rail, and highway infrastructure required to handle all of those containers and cargoes.
Many U.S. ports have been working diligently to prepare themselves for the anticipated increase in activity in order to remain competitive and keep up with the demands of global trade. At the same time, increased awareness about environmental impact, climate change, and the need for resiliency in design has resulted in U.S. ports becoming more committed to sustainability as they rehabilitate, update, and replace ageing infrastructure and equipment.
I’m proud to say that HDR is actively involved with sustainability in the ports and maritime market sector. As a prime example, we are halfway through the construction of a dedicated freight corridor and Memorial Park at the Conley Container Terminal in Boston for the Massachusetts Port Authority. Once completed, the 3,300-foot dedicated haul road and bridge will remove 900 trucks a day from south Boston residential streets; provide improved stormwater collection and treatment; construct a new highway sound barrier for noise reduction; implement the use of LED lighting at the facility; and create a 4.2-acre landscaped buffer, which will provide this dense urban neighbourhood with a highly desired public open space. In addition, the project is being built on approximately 50 acres of brownfield industrial property, which is adjacent to the existing 100-acre terminal. The property is undergoing a final environmental cleanup as part of the project.
A key aspect of the project was the planning and design of the Memorial Park buffer, which involved active participation from a design advisory committee comprised of local residents. The project will create more than four acres of public open space in a dense urban neighbourhood, and it will connect existing city parks with elements of Boston’s revered Emerald Necklace (a 1,100-acre chain of parks linked by parkways and waterways) along the harbour.
Within the past several years, major ports across the nation have become increasingly committed to implementing sustainable guidelines for both new and existing facilities, and they have developed their own sustainability guidelines and standards for architects, engineers, and planners. Several of our clients, including the Port of Long Beach, the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, and the Massachusetts Port Authority, are leading this trend, and are implementing programs to minimise their impacts on air, water, wildlife, and local communities. These programs include the development of:
- Comprehensive solid waste and recycling programs
- Energy master plans
- Environmental Management Systems and data reporting
- Pilot projects for alternative and renewable energy usage (for example, CNG or electric vehicles, solar panels over parking facilities, and the installation of wind turbines)
- Noise and light pollution abatement programs
- Support for parks and edge buffer development and management
- Upgrades and retrofits of cargo handling equipment to reduce emissions
- Clean truck programs to incentivise the use of cleaner fuels and newer equipment
- Shore-side power for ships at berth
- Minimising impervious surfaces with porous asphalt and concrete, and installing green roofs to reduce stormwater runoff
- Improved infrastructure (road and rail) connections to reduce traffic congestion and improve efficiency in the movement of goods
I’m looking forward to seeing what we can do next!