Research

Working with The Water Research Foundation

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Our History with The Water Research Foundation

We are currently leading research projects regarding high quality water and infrastructure reliability for The Water Research Foundation (WRF), a non-profit organization dedicated to developing technology and guidance documents for the water utility industry. Our experts, working in partnership with WRF-member utilities and universities, carefully examine new approaches to water characterization, treatment, and distribution, developing a knowledge base to help you make important decisions regarding the safety and future of your water systems.

For instance, when you need answers on how to achieve optimal corrosion control in your distribution system or how to apply emerging technology for arsenic and manganese removal, we have firsthand experience from the frontlines of research to help you choose the right approach and technology. Below is a list of current and past WRF projects completed by us. You may purchase a copy of any published report by following the link to WRF’s website via the Project Number listed below.

Project Name: A Biofiltration Guidance Manual for Rapid-Rate Filtration Facilities
Project Number: 4719
Year Funded: 2017

Project Name: Scoping Study to Review the Contributions of Corrosion to Chromium in Drinking Water
Project Number: 4562
Year Funded: 2015

Project Name: Practical Monitoring Tools for the Biological Processes in Biofiltration
Project Number: 4620
Year Funded: 2015

Project Name:  Retrofit and Management of Metallic Pipe with Cathodic Protection
Project Number:  4618
Year Funded:  2015

Project Name:  Optimizing Biofiltration for Various Source Water Quality 
Project Number:  4555
Year Funded:  2014

Project Name:  Sources, Chemistry, Fate, and Transport of Chromium in Drinking Water Treatment Plants and Distribution Systems  
Project Number:  4497
Year Funded:  2013

Project Name:  Full-Scale Demonstration of Engineered Biofiltration and Development of a Biofiltration Performance-Tracking Tool 
Project Number:  4525
Year Funded:  2013

Project Name:  Converting Conventional Filters to Biofilters 
Project Number:   4496
Year Funded:  2013

Project Name:  Leveraging Data from Non-Destructive Examinations to Help Select Ferrous Water Mains for Renewal
Project Number:   4471
Year Funded:  2012

Project Name:  Development of a Biofiltration Knowledge Base 
Project Number:   4459
Year Funded:  2012

Project Name: Managing Infrastructure Risk: The Consequence of Failure for Buried Assets
Project Number: 4451
Year Funded: 2013

Project Name:  Optimizing Filter Conditions for Improved Manganese Control During Conversion to Biofiltration  
Project Number:   4448
Year Funded:  2012

Project Name:  Sources, Fate, and Treatment of Hexavalent Chromium 
Project Number: 4449
Year Funded:  2012 

Project Name: Development of an Effective Asbestos Cement Distribution Pipe Management Strategy for Utilities
Project Number: 4480
Year Funded: 2012

Project Name:  The Assess-and-Fix Approach: Using Non-Destructive Evaluations to Help Select Pipe Renewal Methods 
Project Number: Download or Order 4473
Year Funded:  2012

Project Name:  Answers to Challenging Infrastructure Management Questions
Project Number: Download or Order 4367
Year Funded: 2011

Project Name:  Guidance for the Treatment of Manganese
Project Number: Download or Order 4373
Year Funded:  2011 

Project Name: Management of Nuisance Aquatic Species at Pacific Northwest Drinking Water Utilities
Project Number: 4364
Year Funded: 2010

Project Name:  Acoustic Signal Processing for Pipe Condition Assessment
Project Number:  Download or Order 4360
Year Funded:  2010

Project Name:  Optimizing Engineered Biofiltration  
Project Number: Download or Order 4346
Year Funded:  2010

Project Name:  Defining and Enhancing the Safe Yield of a Multi-Use, Multi-Reservoir Water Supply 
Project Number: Download or Order 4304
Year Funded:  2010

Project Name:  Effective Microbial Control Strategies for Main Breaks and Depressurization 
Project Number: Download or Order 4307
Year Funded:  2010

Project Name:  Legacy of Manganese Accumulation in Water Systems 
Project Number:  Download or Order 4314
Year Funded:  2010

Project Name:  Demonstrate UV System Validation by Lagrangian Actinometry Using Dyed-Microspheres  
Project Number:  4217
Year Funded:  2008

Project Name: Protocol for Validation of UV Disinfection Reactors Using Lagrangian Actinometry
Project Number: 4112
Year Funded: 2007

Project Name:  Strategy to Manage and Respond to Total Coliforms and E.coli in the  Distribution System 
Project Number:  4130
Year Funded:  2007

Project Name:  Compendium of Best Practices in Water Infrastructure Asset Management – GWRC
Project Number: Download or Order 4111
Year Funded:  2007

Project Name:  Chloride to Sulfate Mass Ratio (CSMR): Changes from Water Treatment and its Impact on Lead Leaching in Potable Water
Project Number:  Download or Order 4088
Year Funded:  2007

Project Name:  Evaluation of Membrane Characterization Methods
Project Number:  Download or Order 4102
Year Funded:  2007

Project Name:  Evaluation of VSEP to Enhance Water Recovery During Treatment of Brackish Water and RO Concentrate
Project Number:  Download or Order 4148
Year Funded:  2007

Project Name:  Criteria for Optimized Distribution Systems
Project Number:  Download or Order 4109 
Year Funded:  2007

Project Name:  Enhanced Reverse Osmosis Systems: Intermediate Treatment to Improve Recovery
Project Number:  Download or Order 4061 
Year Funded:  2006

Project Name: Failure of Prestressed Concrete Cylinder Pipe
Project Number: 4034
Year Funded: 2006

Project Name:  Guidelines for Developing, Calibrating, and Using Hydraulic Models
Project Number:  Download or Order 4018
Year Funded:  2006

Project Name:  Asset Management Research Needs Roadmap
Project Number:  Download or Order 4002
Year Funded:  2006

Project Name:  Evaluation of Computational Fluid Dynamics for Modeling UV-Initiated Advanced Oxidation Processes
Project Number:  Download or Order 3176
Year Funded:  2005

Project Name:  Investigation of Chemical Actinometer Microspheres for UV Dose-Distribution and Local Intensity Measurement
Project Number:  Download or Order 3139
Year Funded:  2005

Project Name:  Effect of Changing Disinfectants on Distribution System Lead and Copper Release
Project Number:  Download or Order 3107
Year Funded:  2005

Project Name:  Strategies for Managing Total Coliform and E.Coli in Distribution Systems
Project Number:  Download or Order 3116
Year Funded:  2005

Project Name:  Assessment of Inorganics Accumulation in Drinking Water System Scales and Sediments
Project Number:  Download or Order 3118
Year Funded:  2005

Project Name:  Performance and Metal Release of Non-Leaded Brass Meters, Components, and Fittings
Project Number:  Download or Order 3112
Year Funded:  2005

Project Name:  Evaluation of the Dynamic Energy Consumption of Advanced Water and Wastewater Treatment Systems
Project Number:  Download or Order  3056
Year Funded: 2004

Project Name:  Contribution of Service Line and Plumbing Fixtures to Lead and Copper Rule Compliance Issues
Project Number:  Download or Order 3018
Year Funded:  2004

Project Name: Probabilistic Modeling Framework for Assessing Water Quality Sampling Programs
Project Number: 3017
Year Funded: 2004

Project Name: Long-Term Effects of Disinfection Changes on Water Quality
Project Number: 2940
Year Funded: 2004

Project Name:  Distribution System Security Primer for Water Utilities
Project Number:  Download or Order 2931
Year Funded:  2003

Project Name:  Application of HACC for Distribution System Protection
Project Number:  Download or Order 2856
Year Funded:  2002

Project Name:  Development of Distribution System Water Quality Optimization Plans
Project Number:  Download or Order 2875
Year Funded:  2002

Project Name:  Advanced Processes for Simultaneous Arsenic and Manganese Removal
Project Number:  Download or Order 2748
Year Funded:  2001

Project Name:  Data Integration for Water Quality Management
Project Number:  Download or Order 2764
Year Funded:  2001

Project Name:  Optimizing Chloramine Treatment, Second Edition
Project Number:  Download or Order 2760
Year Funded:  2001

Project Name:  Post-Optimization Lead and Copper Control Monitoring Strategies
Project Number:  Download or Order 2679
Year Funded:  2000

Project Name:  Verification and Control of Pressure Transients and Intrusion in Distribution Systems
Project Number:  Download or Order 2686
Year Funded:  2000

Project Name:  Strategic Business Planning as a Water Resource Management Tool
Project Number:  Download or Order 2698
Year Funded:  2000

Project Name:  Synthesis Document on Arsenic in Drinking Water
Project Number:  Download or Order 2630
Year Funded:  1999

Project Name:  Demonstration of Emerging Technologies for Arsenic Removal
Project Number:  Download or Order 2661
Year Funded:  1999

Project Name:  Implementation of Arsenic Treatment Systems Part 2: Design Considerations, Operation, and Maintenance
Project Number:  Download or Order 2665
Year Funded:  1999

Project Name:  Practices to Prevent Microbiological Contamination of Water Mains
Project Number:  Download or Order 2610
Year Funded:  1999

Project Name:  Establishing Site-Specific Flushing Velocities
Project Number:  Download or Order 2606
Year Funded:  1999

Project Name:  Modeling DBP Formation Kinetics: Mechanistic and Spectroscopic Approaches
Project Number:  Download or Order 2597
Year Funded:  1999

Project Name:  Guidance Manual for Monitoring Distribution System Water Quality
Project Number:  Download or Order 2522
Year Funded:  1998

Project Name:  Combining Adsorbents With Membranes for Water Treatment
Project Number:  Download or Order 2557
Year Funded:  1998

Project Name:  Lead Pipe Rehabilitation and Replacement Techniques
Project Number:  Download or Order 465
Year Funded:  1997

Project Name:  Pathogen Intrusion into the Distribution System
Project Number:  Download or Order 436
Year Funded:  1997

Project Name:  Quality Energy Efficiency Retrofits for Water Systems
Project Number:  Download or Order 298
Year Funded:  1996

Project Name:  Managing Constraints to Water Source Development
Project Number:  Download or Order 343
Year Funded:  1996

Project Name:  Guidance Manual for Maintaining Distribution System Water Quality
Project Number:  Download or Order 357
Year Funded:  1996

Project Name:  Development of Red Water Control Strategies
Project Number:  Download or Order 368
Year Funded:  1996

Project Name:  Maintaining Water Quality in Finished Water Storage Facilities
Project Number:  Download or Order 254
Year Funded:  1995

Project Name:  Arsenic Treatability Options and Evaluation of Residuals Management Issues
Project Number:  Download or Order 153
Year Funded:  1994

Project Name:  Characterization of Natural Organic Matter in Drinking Water
Project Number:  Download or Order 159
Year Funded:  1994

Project Name:  Distribution System Water Quality Changes following Corrosion Control Strategies
Project Number:  Download or Order 157
Year Funded:  1994

Project Name:  A General Framework for Corrosion Control based on Utility Experience
Project Number:  Download or Order 910
Year Funded:  1993

Project Name:  Aluminum, Drinking Water, and Alzheimer's Disease
Project Number:  Download or Order 818
Year Funded:  1992

Project Name:  An Assessment of Water Distribution Systems and Associated Research Needs
Project Number:  Download or Order 706
Year Funded:  1991

Project Name:  Nitrification Occurrence and Control in Chloraminated Water Systems
Project Number: Download or Order 710
Year Funded:  1991 

Project Name:  Energy Management for Water and Wastewater Utilities 
Project Number:  Download or Order 736
Year Funded:  1991 

Project Name:  NOM Adsorption onto Iron-Oxide-Coated Sand
Project Number:  Download or Order 635
Year Funded:  1990

Project Name:  Development of a Pipe Loop Protocol for Lead Control
Project Number:  Download or Order 604
Year Funded:  1990 

Project Name:  Optimizing Chloramine Treatment
Project Number:  Download or Order 610
Year Funded:  1990

Project Name:  Chloramine Effects on Distribution System Materials
Project Number:  Download or Order 508
Year Funded:  1989

Project Name:  Lead Control Strategies
Project Number:  Download or Order 406
Year Funded:  1988

Project Name:  Economics of Internal Corrosion Control
Project Number:  Download or Order 311
Year Funded:  1987

Project Name:  Chemistry of Corrosion Inhibitors in Potable Water
Project Number:  Download or Order 106
Year Funded:  1985